This June, Sikhs worldwide remember the 35th anniversary of the Indian Army’s assault on Darbar Sahib (popularly known as the Golden Temple) and dozens of other Gurdwaras (Sikh houses of worship) throughout Punjab in 1984. Code-named Operation Bluestar, this event claimed the lives of thousands of innocent Sikhs and set the stage for a decade of violent state repression, the effects of which are still felt today by the Sikh community. Like Sikhs worldwide, the Sikh Coalition solemnly remembers the events of 1984, a turning point in modern Sikh history.
As we recognize the 35th anniversary, it is important to understand the deep history of these events and the issues of state repression and impunity that are still relevant today.
Last year, Ensaaf released an interactive map
that documents some of the enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in Punjab and throughout India. This interactive site compiles 5,100+ cases based on data collected over the past decade through survivor interviews. Here are some additional resources for more information on 1984 and its effects on the Sikh community:
Videos and Personal Accounts
We will continue to work to create awareness about anti-Sikh violence in India and support efforts to promote justice and accountability.